When pregnant, a body that is easily achy and tired, it is likely that you often want to pamper yourself with sweet foods and drinks. But be careful, ma’am. It turns out that too much sugar consumption during pregnancy can cause side effects that are risky to health, you know.
One condition to watch out for is gestational diabetes . This type of diabetes is only experienced by pregnant women. Mothers are likely for the first time and have no history of diabetes before pregnancy, or you may have mild symptoms of diabetes that have not been diagnosed before.
Gestational Diabetes Risk Causes Pregnancy Disorders
If consumed in levels that are not excessive, actually both sugar and artificial sweeteners usually do not carry risks to pregnant women. However, consumption of sweeteners or uncontrolled sweet foods can be dangerous, especially if previously pregnant women already had a history of diabetes mellitus or insulin resistance .
Insulin is a hormone that processes food into glucose (sugar) for energy. During pregnancy, the way your body manages insulin changes. Some pregnant women do not produce enough insulin or even do not respond enough to insulin. This is what triggers gestational diabetes.
Pregnant women who have gestational diabetes can make their babies more at risk of experiencing the following conditions.
Overweight in the womb
Babies in the womb develop too large . This condition called macrosomia is caused by excess glucose in the blood vessels that enter the placenta. This large baby will eventually make the labor process more difficult so that a Caesarean section may be needed.
Premature labor and respiratory distress syndrome
Babies can be born early due to their mother’s high blood sugar levels. The size of the baby can also make doctors recommend early delivery. As a result, these premature babies may experience respiratory distress syndrome due to their immature lungs.
Hypoglycemia in infants after birth
This condition occurs when blood sugar levels are low due to high insulin production after birth. Severe hypoglycemia can trigger seizures in infants.
Increases risk of type 2 diabetes
After birth, babies are also more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on.
The most severe result if gestational diabetes is not handled properly, the baby can die before or shortly after birth.
Untreated gestational diabetes can also bring complications during pregnancy. Including pregnant women experience hypertension and preeclampsia , as well as diabetes in subsequent pregnancies and type 2 diabetes later on. The good news, this risk can be reduced by a healthy lifestyle .
Tips for limiting sugar sweetness for pregnant women
In order for the body’s sugar levels to be more controlled, pregnant women should reduce or limit certain types of foods, such as fried foods, fast food, baked cookies (snails, donuts, muffins), candy, sweet drinks (soda, juice, soft drinks ), white rice, potatoes, and foods that are high in saturated fat .
In addition, be careful of artificial sweeteners that are usually found in sweets, soft drinks, cakes, ice cream, and many packaged foods. Examples of artificial sweeteners that should not be consumed during pregnancy are:
Saccharin ( Saccharin )
Research found that saccharin can actually enter the placenta and can stay in fetal tissue.
Cyclamate ( cyclamate )
Mothers should avoid products that contain this ingredient because there is not enough evidence about its safety in pregnant women.
The ideal diet for pregnant women on one plate includes 50% vegetables, 25% protein, and 25% complex carbohydrates that are rich in fiber, such as brown rice, oatmeal, whole wheat bread. Pregnant women need to supply fresh vegetables and fruits every day. Some foods that can be snacks include eggs, vegetables and fresh cut fruit, boiled vegetables, grilled fish, skinless chicken breasts, oatmeal with berries, and unsweetened yogurt.
Applying a healthy and balanced diet as above, will be very useful to maintain the health of the mother during pregnancy, as well as help treat gestational diabetes. Do not forget to also routinely move actively and get enough rest, Mom.