Pus on the gum is closely related to a condition called dental abscess and can be initiated by periodontal disease. An abscess cannot heal on its own, medical treatment is performed to dry out the abscess, disinfect it with antibiotics, make a canal to the root of the tooth, until it removes the infected tooth.
Pus is a thick liquid that contains dead tissue, cells, and bacteria. Pus is generally yellowish white, greenish, yellow or brownish yellow, and sometimes smells bad. The appearance of pus due to certain areas of inflammation during infection. This inflammatory reaction is the body’s natural reaction to fight infection.
Causes of pus in the gum
Pus on the gum usually comes from a tooth abscess. Abscesses are generally caused by a bacterial infection and cause throbbing pain. Poor oral hygiene and lack of care for the teeth , making teeth easily perforated and infected with bacteria. The growth of bacteria that is left will cause infection in the teeth. This infection will spread to the area around the gum and there is a collection of pus on the gum.
Bacterial infections can occur in the gums, tooth roots, and supporting bones of the teeth. Infection or inflammation of the tissue around the teeth that causes gum disease, can also be the cause of the appearance of pus on the gums. Gum disease often causes the gums to become slightly released from the teeth, forming a bag that can be filled with bacteria and develops into an abscess.
Periodontal abscesses can also develop as a complication of injury to the gums or tissue around the teeth, which causes injury. Injuries to the gums are susceptible to infection, because food or dirt that is involved and embedded in the gums can make germs thrive.
People with a weakened immune system, have diabetes , or are undergoing chemotherapy treatment, are more prone to experience tooth abscesses and pus on the gums.
Treating pus on the gum
If the pain is unbearable, you can take painkillers such as paracetamol which can be purchased freely. However, some people need a stronger pain reliever and can only be obtained by prescription. After the pus has dried, generally the symptoms complained of will soon disappear.
Pus on the gums can be treated by draining pus from the gum to dry by piercing the abscess or by making a small hole in the tooth so that pus can flow out. After that, you should also clean the bag of pus on the gum. This step must be done by a dentist. The dentist may also give oral antibiotics that must be taken for several days to overcome the overall infection. If pus has not disappeared and the abscess does not heal within a few days, it is recommended to consult the dentist immediately.
To prevent pus pockets from breaking, avoid eating hot or cold foods and drinks that can make pain worse. Eat soft food, and chew food using the side of the mouth that is not infected. Do not forget to use a soft toothbrush and avoid doing dental flossing in the area of teeth and gums that have infection or pus in the gums.
Meanwhile, if an abscess ruptures before he can go to the dentist, immediately rinse his mouth with warm water to clean the mouth while pushing pus out completely.
Pus on the gums that do not get proper treatment can trigger a number of possible complications, such as the formation of a duct between the site of infection with the skin or the mouth that can expel pus continuously.
In addition, pus in the gums that are not treated properly can also trigger sinusitis, cavities filled with fluid in the teeth ( dental cysts ), as well as bone infections near the gums that are infected.
It is important to immediately see a dentist if there is pus on the gums or if you find an abscess in the mouth. In addition to treating, also to prevent complications.
Pus on the gum due to abscess can be avoided by maintaining good oral hygiene. Get used to brushing your teeth regularly, and if necessary, do flossing using dental floss or dental floss .
Maintaining oral hygiene also includes cleaning the tongue and applying a healthy diet. Avoid consuming drinks or foods that contain high sugar and stop smoking, are some actions that can improve oral health.
If the teeth appear to be damaged or there is pus on the gums, immediately consult a dentist, so that appropriate treatment can be given to prevent the emergence of dangerous complications. Also do dental checks regularly at least once a year.